ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ON

MAHARISHI'S TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION

AND TM-SIDHI PROGRAM

VOLUME 5

WALLACE, R.K., ORME-JOHNSON, D.W., and DILLBECK, M.C., eds. 1990. Scientific Research on Maharishi's Transcendental Meditation program: Collected papers, vol. 5. Fairfield, Iowa, U.S.A.: MIU Press

PART I: PHYSIOLOGY

The Studies in the First Section Document Changes during the Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique Unless Otherwise Stated.

A: Metabolic, Biochemical, and Cardiovascular Changes

356. DILLBECK, M. C., and ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42: 879-881, 1987.

A Unique State of Deep Rest: Meta-Analysis of 31 Studies; Higher Basal Skin Resistance; Lower Respiration Rate; Lower Plasma Lactate. Lower Baseline Levels of Spontaneous Skin Resistance Responses, Respiration Rate, Heart Rate, and Plasma Lactate.

357. FARRELL, D. J. The reduction in metabolic rate and heart rate of man during meditation. Energy Metabolism, Lawrence E. Mount (Ed.), E.A.A.P. Publication # 26, Butterworth & Co. (Publishers) Ltd. Australia. 279-282, 1980.

A Unique State of Deep Rest: Reduction in Metabolic Rate; Reduction in Heart Rate.

358. GALLOIS, P. Modifications neurophysiologiques et respiratoires lors de la pratique des techniques de relaxation. L'Encéphale 10: 139-144, 1984.

A Unique State of Deep Rest: Lower Heart Rate; Decreased Breath Rate; Episodes of Spontaneous Respiratory Suspension (Without Compensatory Hyperventil-ation). Increased Alertness: Faster Reaction Time after the Practice. Lower Heart Rate outside the Practice.

359. GARNIER, D.; CAZABAT, A.; THÉBAULT, P.; and GAUGE, P. An experimental study: pulmonary ventilation during the Transcendental Meditation technique--applications in preventive medicine. Summary of a paper that appeared in Est-Médicine 4(76): 867-870, 1984.

A Unique State of Deep Rest: Lower Oxygen Consumption per Kilo Body Weight during and outside TM Practice.

360. SHARMA, H. M., and STEPHENS, R. E. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on DNA repair. Presented in part at the Federation of the American Society of Experimental Biologists meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, April 1986.

Unique pattern of DNA Repair.

361. WILSON, A. F.; JEVNING, R.; and GUICH, S. Marked reduction of forearm carbon dioxide production during states of decreased metabolism. Physiology and Behavior 41: 347-352, 1987.

Unique State of Deep Rest: Reduced Difference between Arterial and Venous CO2 Content in Forearm Metabolism.

362. JEVNING, R.; WILSON, A. F.; PIRKLE, H.; GUICH, S.; and WALSH, R. N. Modulation of red cell metabolism by states of decreased activation: comparison between states. Physiology and Behavior 35: 679-682, 1985.

A Unique State of Deep Rest: Marked Decline of Red Cell Metabolism.

363. WERNER, O. R.; WALLACE, R. K.; CHARLES, B.; JANSSEN, G.; STRYKER, T.; and CHALMERS, R. A. Long-term endocrinologic changes in subjects practicing the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Psychosomatic Medicine 48(1/2): 59-65, 1986.

Increased Endocrinological Efficiency: Long-Term Reduction in Basal Levels of Pituitary Hormones (TSH, Growth Hormone, and Prolactin), with Maintenance of Adrenal and Thyroid Hormone Levels.

364. JEVNING, R.; WELLS, I.; WILSON, A. F.; and GUICH, S. Plasma thyroid hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone, and insulin during acute hypometabolic states in man. Physiology and Behavior 40: 603-606, 1987.

More Efficient Neuroendocrine Regulation: Reduction of Pituitary Hormone TSH with Maintenance of Thyroid Hormones and Insulin Levels. Lower Baseline TSH Levels in Long-Term TM Participants.

365. WALTON, K. G.; FRANCIS, D.; LEROM, M.; and TOURENNE, C. Behaviorally-induced alterations in human urinary 5-hydroxyindoles. Transactions of the American Society for Neurochemistry 14: 199, 1983.

Neurotransmitter Modulation: Change in Daily Cycle of Urinary 5-Hydroxyindoles, Metabolites Related to Serotonin.

366. O'HALLORAN, J. P.; JEVNING, R.; WILSON, A. F.; SKOWSKY, R.; WALSH, R. N.; and ALEXANDER, C. Hormonal control in a state of decreased activation: potentiation of arginine vasopressin secretion. Physiology and Behavior 35: 591-595, 1985.

Hormonal Growth: Increased Plasma Level of Arginine Vasopressin, Associated with Body Fluid Balance and with Learning and Memory.

367. MILLS, P. J.; SCHNEIDER, R.; HILL, D.; WALTON, K.; and WALLACE, R. K. Lymphocyte beta-adrenergic receptors and cardiovascular responsivity in TM participants and Type A behavior. This is a summary of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March, 1987. (Refer also to Psychosomatic Medicine 49: 211, 1987, and Journal of Psychosomatic Research 33(6), 1989).

Improved Stress Reactivity: Lower Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Sensitivity; Lower Blood Reactivity to Stress; Lower Resting Blood Pressure; Lower Resting Epinephrine Level.

368. SCHNEIDER, R. H.; MILLS, P. J.; SCHRAMM, W.; and WALLACE, R. K. Luteinizing hormone: a marker for Type A behavior and its modification by the Transcendental Meditation program? Psychosomatic Medicine 49: 212-213, 1987. (Refer also to Neuroendocrinology Letters 9:181, 1987.)

Lower Chronic Stress: Normal Neuroendocrine Reactivity; Meditating Type A Subjects Showed Healthy Neuroendocrine Pattern.

B: Electrophysiological and Electroencephalographic Changes

369. ALEXANDER, C. N.; LARIMORE, W. E.; DASH, P.; TITUS, B.; and ISRAELSON, L. Distinguishing between Transcendental Meditation, sleep and other forms of rest according to electrophysiological criteria. Summary of a paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, May 1987.

EEG Differentiation between Transcendental Meditation and Napping.

370. GAYLORD, C.; ORME-JOHNSON, D. W.; and TRAVIS, F. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique and progressive muscle relaxation on EEG coherence, stress reactivity, and mental health in black adults. International Journal of Neuroscience 46: 77-86, 1989.

Increased Functional Organization of the Brain: Increased EEG Coherence during TM Practice. Improved Mental Health; Decreased Anxiety; Decreased Neuroticism; Faster Recovery from Stress.

371. GAYLORD, C.; ORME-JOHNSON, D. W.; WILLBANKS, M.; TRAVIS, F.; RAINFORTH, M.; and REYNOLDS, B. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on self-concept and EEG coherence in black college students. Abstract of paper presented at the 101st session of the Iowa Academy of Science, Storm Lake, Iowa, April 1989. Also see abstract insert in Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 96(1), A31-A32.

Increased Functional Organization of the Brain: Increased EEG Coherence during TM Practice. Improved Self-Concept: Increased Self-Satisfaction; Increased Moral-Ethical Self; Increased Social Self; Decreased General Maladjustment; Decreased Personality Disorder.

372. DILLBECK, M. C., and ARAAS-VESELY, S. Participation in the Transcendental Meditation program and frontal EEG coherence during concept learning. International Journal of Neuroscience 29: 45-55, 1986.

Increased Frontal EEG Coherence during Acquisition of New Information; More Settled Physiological Response during Cognitively Demanding Tasks.

373. MEIRSMAN, J. Neurophysiological order in the REM sleep of participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Summary of paper presented at the Sixth Annual International Conference of the Association for the Study of Dreams, London, England, July 1989.

Increased Order-Producing Activity of the Brain during Sleep as Indicated by the Ratio of High Frequency to Low Frequency REM.

374. GODDARD, P. H. Reduced age-related declines of P300 latency in elderly practicing Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 26: S29, 1989.

Faster Processing of Cognitively Complex Information in the Elderly as Measured by Event-Related Potentials.

375. TRAVIS, F., and ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. EEG coherence and power during yogic flying. Abstract of a portion of the first author's doctoral dissertation, Department of Psychology, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, 1988. (Refer also to Dissertation Abstracts International 49(8): 3493B, 1988. Full paper published in International Journal of Neuroscience, 54: 1-12, 1990.)

Increased EEG Coherence at the Moment of Performance of TM-Sidhi Yogic Flying.

C: Health

376. GLASER, J. L.; BRIND, J. L.; EISNER, M. J.; DILLBECK, M. C.; VOGELMAN, J. H.; and WALLACE, R. K. Elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in older practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Washington, D.C., November 1986. (An abstract of these results also appeared in AGE 10(4): 160, 1987.)

Hormone Levels Indicating Younger Biological Age.

377. SMITH, D. E.; GLASER, J. L.; SCHNEIDER, R. H.; and DILLBECK, M. C. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program. Psychosomatic Medicine 51: 259, 1989. (Also, refer to AGE 10(4): 160, 1987.)

Lower Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Levels Indicating Less Serious Illness and Slower Aging.

378. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. Medical care utilization and the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine 49(1): 493-507, 1987.

Lower Health Insurance Utilization Rates: Significantly Fewer Hospital Inpatient Days, Outpatient Visits; Fewer Inpatient Admissions for All Major Categories of Disease.

379. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W., and VEGORS, S. Medical care utilization at Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa. Abstract of paper presented at the 100th Session, Iowa Academy of Science, Ames, Iowa, April 1988. Abstract insert in the Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 95(1): A56.

Lower Health Insurance Utilization Rates among MIU Faculty and Staff.

380. ALEXANDER, C. N.; LANGER, E. J.; NEWMAN, R. I.; CHANDLER, H. M.; and DAVIES, J. L. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: an experimental study with the elderly. Summary of paper in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57(6): 950-964, 1989.

Benefits for the Elderly Demonstrating Reversal of Aging: Increased Longevity; Increased Cognitive Flexibility (Including Increased Learning Ability and Greater Perceptual Flexibility); Increased Word Fluency; Improvements in Self-Reported Measures of Behavioral Flexibility and Aging; Greater Sense of Well-Being; Improved Mental Health; Reduction of Blood Pressure to More Ideal Levels.

PART II: PSYCHOLOGY

A: Intelligence, Learning, and Academic Performance

381. DOAN, M. J. Transcendental Meditation program as a prenatal factor in the quiet alert state in normal newborns. Summary of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of Young Children, Anaheim, California, November 1988.

Increased Quiet Alertness in Newborns of Mothers Practicing the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program.

382. DIXON, C. A. Consciousness and cognitive development: a six-month longitudinal study of four-year-olds practicing the children's Transcendental Meditation technique. Abstract of Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, 1989. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (3) Section B: 1518, 1989.

Accelerated Cognitive Development in Four-Year-Old Children Practicing the Children's Transcendental Meditation Technique.

383. WARNER, T. Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1986.

Advanced Cognitive Development in Children.

384. GELDERLOOS, P.; LOCKIE, R. J.; and CHUTTOORGOON, S. Field independence of students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment and a Montessori school. Perceptual and Motor Skills 65: 613-614, 1987.

Increased Field Independence (Growth of a More Stable Internal Frame of Reference, Increased Perceptual Acuity) in Children.

385. NIDICH, S. I.; NIDICH, R. J.; and RAINFORTH, M. School effectiveness: achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986.

Increased Academic Achievement for Both Incoming and Continuing Students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment.

386. NIDICH, S. I., and NIDICH, R. J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: a replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989.

Improved Scores on Social Studies, Literary Materials, Reading, Quantitative Thinking, and General Academic Achievement for Students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment.

387. MUEHLMAN, J. M.; NIDICH, S. I.; REILLY, B.; and COLE, C. Relationship of the practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique to academic achievement. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-Western Educational Research Association, Chicago, Illinois, October 1988. (Refer also to Abstracts of Papers of the Annual Meeting of the Mid-Western Educational Research Association, p. 6, 1988.)

Increased Academic Achievement and IQ as a Function of Number of Months Practicing the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program in Secondary School Students.

388. NIDICH, R. J., and NIDICH, S. I. Improving the social climate of a Philippine secondary school through the practice of the Transcendental Meditation program. Summary of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-Western Educational Research Association, Chicago, Illinois, October 1988. (Refer also to Abstracts of Papers of the Annual Meeting of the Mid-Western Educational Research Association, p. 14, 1988.)

Increased Morale, Facilitative Leadership, and Influence in Decision Making Concerning Classroom Instruction in Teachers Practicing the Transcendental Meditation Program.

389. DILLBECK, M. C.; ASSIMAKIS, P. D.; RAIMONDI, D.; ORME-JOHNSON, D. W.; and ROWE, R. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986.

Increased Fluid Intelligence and Field Independence (Growth of a More Stable Internal Frame of Reference, Increased Perceptual Acuity) in College Students.

390. CRANSON, R. Increased general intelligence through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Abstract of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans, August 1989.

Improvements in General Intelligence and Reaction-Time Measures (Which are Correlated with Intelligence).

391. KEMBER, P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985.

Enhanced Academic Performance in Postgraduate Students.

392. JEDRCZAK, A.; BERESFORD, M.; and CLEMENTS, G. The TM-Sidhi program, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19(4): 270-275, 1985.

Enhanced Creativity and Intelligence.

393. JEDRCZAK, A.; TOOMEY, M.; and CLEMENTS, G. The TM-Sidhi program, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986.

Reduction of Aging Effects as Assessed by Perceptual/Motor Speed and Non-Verbal Intelligence.

B: Development of Personality

394. GELDERLOOS, P.; GODDARD III, P. H.; AHLSTRÖM, H. H. B.; and JACOBY R. Cognitive orientation toward positive values in advanced participants of the TM and TM-Sidhi program. Perceptual and Motor Skills 64: 1003-1012, 1987.

Orientation toward Positive Values: Better Recall for Positive than Negative Words; Lower Recognition Thresholds for Positive Words than Negative Words; Differential Recognition Threshold for Positive and Negative Affect Terms Correlated with the Intensity of the Experienced Positive and Negative Affects; More Positive Appraisal of Others.

395. GELDERLOOS, P. Psychological health and development of students at Maharishi International University: a controlled longitudinal study. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1(4): 471-487, 1987.

Student Psychological Development: Increased Psychological Health as Indicated by Unifying Ability, Autonomy, Intrinsic Spirituality, Creativity, Directedness, Well-Being, and Integration of the Personality; Higher Growth Rate on Several of These Indicators.

396. GELDERLOOS, P.; HERMANS, H. J. M.; AHLSTRÖM, H. H.; and JACOBY, R. Transcendence and psychological health: studies with long-term participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Psychology 124(2), 177-197, 1990.

Psychological Development: Higher Scores on General Factor of Psychological Health; Higher Growth Rate Longitudinally; Scores on Psychological Health Associated with Physiological Indicators of Transcendental Consciousness.

397. GELDERLOOS, P., and BETO, Z. H. A. D. The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and reported experiences of transcendental consciousness. This is a summary of a study that appeared in Psychologia--An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient 32(2): 91-103, 1989.

Experiences of Higher States of Consciousness: More Frequent Experiences of Transcendental Consciousness.

PART III: SOCIOLOGY

A: Rehabilitation

398. BLEICK, C. R., and ABRAMS, A. I. The Transcendental Meditation program and criminal recidivism in California. Journal of Criminal Justice 15: 211-230, 1987.

Rehabilitation of Prison Inmates: Reduced Recidivism after Release.

B: Quality of Life

399. ALEXANDER, C. N.; SWANSON, G. C.; RAINFORTH, M. V.; CARLISLE, T. W.; and TODD, C. C. The Transcendental Meditation program and business: a prospective study. Paper presented at the 101st Annual Session of the Iowa Academy of Science, Storm Lake, Iowa, April 1989. Refer also to abstract insert in The Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 96: A32, 1989.

Increased Productivity and Performance in Business: Increased Efficiency and Productivity; Improved Work and Personal Relationships; Reduced Anxiety; Reduced Job Worry and Tension; Improved Job Satisfaction; Improved General Health; Enhanced Sleep and Reduced Fatigue; Reduced Cigarette and Liquor Consumption; Increased Physiological Stability during Task Performance.

400. CHEN, M. E. A comparative study of dimensions of healthy functioning between families practicing the TM program for five years or for less than a year. Dissertation Abstracts International 45(10) 3206B, 1984.

Improved Family Life: Family Health.

The Following Papers in This Section Document the Growth of Coherence in the Collective Consciousness of Cities, States, Nations, and the World.

401. DILLBECK, M. C.; CAVANAUGH, K. L.; GLENN, T.; ORME-JOHNSON, D. W.; and MITTLEFEHLDT, V. Consciousness as a field: the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. The Journal of Mind and Behavior 8(1): 67-104, 1987.

Improved Quality of Life in Cities and Territories: Decreased Crime (Union Territory of Delhi, 1980-1981; Metro Manila, 1984-1985; Puerto Rico, 1984). Improvements on Monthly Quality of Life Indices in Territories and States: Metro Manila Region, 1979-1981, Including Crime, Foetal Deaths, and Other Deaths; State of Rhode Island, U.S., 1978, Including Crime Rate, Motor Vehicle Fatality Rate, Mortality Rate for Other Causes, Auto Accident Rate, Unemployment Rate, Pollution, Beer Consumption Rate, and Cigarette Consumption Rate.

402. DILLBECK, M. C.; BANUS, C. B.; POLANZI, C.; and LANDRITH III, G. S. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. The Journal of Mind and Behavior 9(4): 457-486, 1988.

Improved Quality of City Life: Decreased Crime Rate (Cities and Metropolitan Areas, U.S., 1973-1979); Decreased Violent Crime (Washington, D.C., 1981-1983).

403. CAVANAUGH, K. L. Time series analysis of U.S. and Canadian inflation and unemployment: a test of a field-theoretic hypothesis. This is a revised and updated version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association, San Francisco, California, August 17-20, 1987, and published in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section (Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association): 799-804, 1987.

Improved Quality of National Life as Measured by a Monthly Index of Inflation and Unemployment (United States and Canada, 1979-1988).

404. CAVANAUGH, K. L., and KING, K. D. Simultaneous transfer function analysis of Okun's misery index: improvements in the economic quality of life through Maharishi's Vedic Science and technology of consciousness. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 22-25, 1988. An abridged version of this paper appeared in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section: 491-496, 1988.

Improved Quality of National Life as Measured by a Monthly Index of Inflation and Unemployment (United States, 1979-1988), Controlling for Monetary Growth and the Rate of Change of Crude Materials Prices.

405. CAVANAUGH, K. L.; KING, K. D.; and ERTUNA, C. A multiple-input transfer function model of Okun's misery index: an empirical test of the Maharishi Effect. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association, Washington, D.C., August 6-10, 1989. An abridged version of this paper appears in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section (Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association): 565-570, 1989.

Improved Quality of National Life as Measured by a Monthly Index of Inflation and Unemployment (United States, 1979-1988), Controlling for the Rate of Change of Industrial Production, Crude Materials Prices, and a Measure of the Money Supply.

406. CAVANAUGH, K. L.; KING, K. D.; and TITUS, B. D. Consciousness and the quality of economic life: empirical research on the macroeconomic effects of the collective practice of Maharishi's Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. This is a revised version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Management Society, Chicago, Illinois, March 1989, and published in R.G. Greenwood (ed.), Proceedings of the Midwest Management Society (Chicago, Illinois: Midwest Management Society): 183-190, 1989.

Improved Quality of National Life as Measured by a Monthly Index of Inflation and Unemployment (United States, 1979-1988), Controlling for Changes in Major Economic Variables.

407. DILLBECK, M. C. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Summary of a paper in Social Indicators Research 22: 399-418, 1990.

Improved Quality of National Life as Measured by a Weekly Index of Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Homicide, and Suicide (United States, 1979-1985).

408. ASSIMAKIS, P. D. Change in the quality of life in Canada: intervention studies of the effect of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Abstract published in Dissertation Abstracts International 50(5) Sec. B, p. 2203, November 1989.

Improved Quality of National Life: Improvements on a Weekly Index Including Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Homicide, and Suicide (Canada, 1983-1985); Reductions of Weekly Fatalities Due to Accidents Other than Motor Vehicle Fatalities (Canada, 1983-1985); Improvements on a Monthly Index Including Violent Fatalities (Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Homicide, and Suicide), Cigarette Consumption, and Worker-Days Lost in Strikes (Canada, 1972-1986).

409. GELDERLOOS, P.; FRID, M. J.; GODDARD, P. H.; XUE, X.; and LÖLIGER, S. A. Creating world peace through the collective practice of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: improved U.S.-Soviet relations. Social Science Perspectives Journal 2(4): 80-94, 1988.

Improved International Relations: Increased Friendliness in Statements of U.S. Head of State (1985-1987).

410. DAVIES, J. L., and ALEXANDER, C. N. Alleviating political violence through enhancing coherence in collective consciousness: impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Summary of a paper presented at the 85th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, September 1989. (Refer also to Dissertation Abstracts International 49(8): 2381A, 1988.)

Improved Quality of National Life: Reduction of Conflict in Lebanon (Increased Cooperation, Reduced Level of Conflict, Reduced War Fatalities, and Reduced War Injuries); Improvement on a Daily Index Composed of All Four of these Variables (1983-1985).

411. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W.; DILLBECK, M. C.; ALEXANDER, C. N.; CHANDLER, H. M.; and CRANSON, R. W. Time series impact assessment analysis of reduced international conflict and terrorism: effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. A summary of a paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Political Science Association, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A., August 1989.

Improved International Relations: Reduced Conflict Globally, Reduced Terrorism, and Increase in World Index of Stock Prices, during Three Large Assemblies of Participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program (1983-1985).

PART IV: THEORETICAL AND REVIEW PAPERS

A: Health

412. WALLACE, R. K.; FAGAN, J. B.; and PASCO, D. S. Vedic physiology. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(1): 3-59, 1988.

The fundamental principle of Vedic Physiology is that consciousness is the basis of physiology. This paper outlines and reviews the expression of consciousness at each level of the physiology and reviews research on physiological correlates of higher states of consciousness developed through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program.

413. GLASER, J. L. Maharishi Ayur-Ved: An introduction to recent research. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(1): 89-108, 1988.

Maharishi Ayur-Ved rasyanas (herbal and mineral preparations) and the Maharishi Panchakarma program of purification procedures have both been found to have a wide range of beneficial effects on physical and mental health as indicated by biochemical and clinical studies.

414. JEDRCZAK, A.; MILLER, D.; and ANTONIOU, M. Transcendental Meditation and health: an overview of experimental research and clinical experience. Health Promotion 2(4): 369-376, 1988.

The authors review the large body of research indicating improved individual and collective health through the Transcendental Meditation program and propose that it be applied on a large scale to improve public health and reduce health care costs.

B: Education

415. DILLBECK, S. L., and DILLBECK, M. C. The Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field in education: principles, practice, and research. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1(4): 383-431, 1987.

The authors outline the principles and practical techniques of the Maharishi Unified Field Based Integrated System of Education and review research indicating the ability of this system to develop the cognitive, affective, and physiological characteristics of the student that contribute to successful learning.

416. NIDICH, S. I., and NIDICH, R. J. Holistic student development at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: theory and research. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1(4): 433-468, 1987.

The authors review research on the success of Maharishi Schools of the Age of Enlightenment in fostering positive educational outcomes and promoting student development.

417. DOW, M. A. A unified approach to developing intuition in mathematics. This paper is an abridged version of a paper presented to the Eugene Strens Memorial Conference on Intuitive and Recreational Mathematics and Its History, Calgary, Canada, July/August 1986. The original paper will appear in the proceedings of this conference, edited by Richard K. Guy, to be published by the Mathematical Association of America in their series MAA Notes.

This paper describes how the development of consciousness through the Transcendental Meditation program fulfills current needs in mathematics education by culturing mathematical intuition.

C: Personality and Development

418. ALEXANDER, C. N.; CRANSON, R. W.; BOYER, R. W.; and ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. Transcendental consciousness: a fourth state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. This is an abridged version of a chapter which appeared in J. Gackenbach (ed.), Sleep and Dreams: A Sourcebook, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 282-315, 1987.

The authors review physiological research indicating that transcendental consciousness is a unique fourth major state of consciousness.

419. ALEXANDER, C. N.; DAVIES, J. L.; DIXON, C. A.; DILLBECK, M. C.; OETZEL, R. M.; DRUKER, S. M.; MUEHLMAN, J. M.; and ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. Growth of higher stages of consciousness: Maharishi's Vedic Psychology of human development. A summary of a chapter appearing in Charles N. Alexander and Ellen J. Langer (eds.), Higher Stages of Human Development: Perspectives on Adult Growth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

The authors outline how the experience and understanding of higher states of consciousness found in Maharishi's Vedic Psychology fulfills the aspiration of developmental psychology to comprehend the full development of human life.

D: Rehabilitation

420. DILLBECK, M. C., and ABRAMS, A. I. The application of the Transcendental Meditation program to corrections. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 11(1): 111-132, 1987.

This paper reviews the research on the application of the Transcendental Meditation program in corrections, including improved mental health and reduced hostility among inmates, and reduced recidivism upon release. The authors propose the implementation of the Transcendental Meditation program in correctional settings on a large scale, in order to promote effective rehabilitation and thereby reduce the substantial financial and human costs to society of incarceration.

421. CLEMENTS, G.; KRENNER, L.; and MÖLK, W. The use of the Transcendental Meditation program in the prevention of drug abuse and in the treatment of drug-addicted persons. Bulletin on Narcotics 40(1): 51-56, 1988.

This paper reviews the results of studies indicating that the practice of the Transcendental Meditation program reduces substance abuse.

E: Productivity and Quality of Life

422. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W., and DILLBECK, M. C. Maharishi's program to create world peace: theory and research. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1(2): 207-259, 1987.

This paper reviews Maharishi's theoretical principles of collective consciousness and the empirical research demonstrating improved quality of life at the city, state, national, and international levels. The research indicates that an influence of peace is created worldwide through the group practice of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program by at least 7000 individuals--the square root of one percent of the world's population.

F: Maharishi's Vedic Psychology

423. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. The cosmic psyche: an introduction to Maharishi's Vedic Psychology--the fulfillment of modern psychology. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(2): 113-163, 1988.

This paper introduces basic concepts of Maharishi's Vedic Psychology and compares its major principles to those of twentieth-century psychology. The author concludes that Maharishi's Vedic Psychology fulfills the theoretical and applied goals of psychology.

424. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. The cosmic psyche as the unified source of creation: verification through scientific principles, direct experience, and scientific research. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(2): 165-221, 1988.

This paper presents the field of pure consciousness, or cosmic psyche, as the source of all mental and physical phenomena. The qualities of this field are verified through several approaches, including direct experience and scientific research.

425. DILLBECK, M. C. The self-interacting dynamics of consciousness as the source of the creative process in nature and in human life: the mechanics of individual intelligence arising from the field of cosmic intelligence--the cosmic psyche. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(3): 245-278, 1988.

This paper outlines how, from the perspective of Maharishi's Vedic Psychology, the field of pure consciousness sequentially gives rise to the diversity of subjective and objective existence. Research is reviewed indicating that all levels of subjective life are enriched from their basis, pure consciousness, through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program.

426. ALEXANDER, C. N., and BOYER, R. W. Seven states of consciousness: unfolding the full potential of the cosmic psyche in individual life through Maharishi's Vedic Psychology. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(4): 325-371, 1989.

This paper outlines the sequential unfoldment of higher states of consciousness brought to light by Maharishi and reviews the scientific research indicating the development of higher states through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program.

427. GELDERLOOS, P., and VAN DEN BERG, W. P. Maharishi's TM-Sidhi Program: Participating in the infinite creativity of nature to enliven the totality of the cosmic psyche in all aspects of life. Modern Science and Vedic Science 2(4): 373-412, 1989.

This paper introduces Maharishi's TM-Sidhi program as the technique to enliven the self-interacting dynamics of consciousness in the awareness of the individual, thereby accelerating growth of higher states of consciousness; it also reviews the scientific research on the TM-Sidhi program.

G: Maharishi's Vedic Science and the Foundations of Mathematics and Physics

428. WEINLESS, M. The samhita of sets: Maharishi's Vedic Science and the foundations of mathematics. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1(2): 141-204, 1987.

This paper reviews basic concepts of set theory and other foundational perspectives in mathematics in relation to the central principles of Maharishi's Vedic Science.

429. HAGELIN, J. S. Is consciousness the unified field? A field theorist's perspective. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1(1): 29-87, 1987.

This paper presents an introduction to unified quantum field theories followed by a discussion of theory, research, and subjective experiences from Maharishi's Vedic Science, in which pure consciousness is described as the unified field of all the laws of nature.

430. HAGELIN, J. S. Restructuring physics from its foundation in light of Maharishi's Vedic Science. Modern Science and Vedic Science 3(1): 3-72, 1989.

The author proposes the renaming of the basic forces and particles of nature in light of their basis in the unified field; he outlines how Maharishi's Vedic Science brings fulfillment to this aspiration, and reviews research indicating that the unified field can be directly experienced and utilized by human awareness through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program.