ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ON

MAHARISHI'S TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION

AND TM-SIDHI PROGRAM

VOLUME 2

CHALMERS, R. A.; CLEMENTS, G.; SCHENKLUHN, H.; and WEINLESS, M., eds. 1989. Scientific research on Maharishi's Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program: Collected papers, vol. 2. Vlodrop, the Netherlands: MVU Press.

PART I: PHYSIOLOGY

The Studies in the First Two Sections Document Changes during the Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique Unless Otherwise Stated.

A: Metabolic, Biochemical, and Cardiovascular Changes

105. JEVNING, R.; SMITH, R.; WILSON A. F.; and MORTON, M. E. Alterations in blood flow during Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 13: 168 (SPR Abstract # 20), 1976.

Changes in Regional Blood Flow Indicative of Increased Blood Flow to the Brain.

106. JEVNING, R.; WILSON, A. F.; SMITH, W. R.; and MORTON, M. Redistribution of blood flow in Transcendental Meditation. Department of Medicine, University of California at Irvine, Orange, California, U.S.A. Paper presented at the American Psychological Society, San Francisco, California, U.S.A., October 1975.

Changes in Regional Blood Flow Indicative of Increased Blood Flow to the Brain.

107. MCCUAIG, L. W. Salivary electrolytes, protein, and pH during Transcendental Meditation. Experientia 30(9): 988-989, 1974.

Increased Concentration of Salivary Electrolytes and Protein.

108. STEHLE, R. Ventilation, heart rate, and respiratory partial pressures of athletes practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique. Diplomarbeit (abbr.), Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln, Cologne, W. Germany, 1975.

Indications of Deep Rest in Athletes: Decreased Metabolic Rate (Decreased Oxygen Consumption and Decreased Carbon Dioxide Elimination); Decreased Respiration Rate; Decreased Heart Rate; Decreased Minute Ventilation.

109. BEVAN, A. J. W.; YOUNG, P. M.; WELLBY, M. L.; NENADOVIC, P.; and DICKINS, J. A. Endocrine changes in relaxation procedures. Proceedings of the Endocrine Society of Australia 19: 59 (Abstract), 1976.

Reduction in Biochemical Index of Stress: Decreased Plasma Cortisol Levels. Biochemical Indication of Reduced Stress during Activity: Decreased Urinary Free Cortisol Levels.

110. BUJATTI, M., and RIEDERER, P. Serotonin, noradrenaline, dopamine metabolites in Transcendental Meditation technique. Journal of Neural Transmission 39: 257-267, 1976.

Changes in Neurotransmitter Balance: Increased Levels of Serotonin Metabolite (Increased 5-HIAA Levels); Decreased Levels of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline Metabolite (Decreased VMA Levels) and Higher Levels of 5-HIAA outside the Practice of Transcendental Meditation.

111. JEVNING, R., and WILSON, A. F. Acute decline in adrenocortical activity during Transcendental Meditation. Department of Medicine, University of California at Irvine, Orange, California, U.S.A., 1977.

Reduction in Biochemical Index of Stress: Decreased Plasma Cortisol Levels.

112. JEVNING, R., and WILSON, A. F. Altered red cell metabolism in TM. Psychophysiology 14: 94 (Abstract), 1977.

Fundamental Change in Cellular Metabolism: Reduced Glucose Metabolism in Red Blood Cells.

113. JEVNING, R.; PIRKLE, H. C.; and WILSON, A. F. Behavioral alteration of plasma phenylalanine concentration. Physiology & Behavior 19: 611-614, 1977.

Increased Plasma Phenylalanine Levels.

B: Electrophysiological and Electroencephalographic Changes

114. KOBAL, G.; WANDHÖFER, R. A.; and PLATTIG, K.-H. EEG power spectra and auditory evoked potentials in Transcendental Meditation (TM). Pflügers Archiv, Supplement 359: 191, R 96, 1975.

Improved Efficiency of Information Transfer in the Brain: Shorter Latencies of Auditory Evoked Potentials (Both during and outside the Practice of Transcendental Meditation). Increased EEG Alpha Power.

115. KRAHNE, W., and TANELI, B. EEG and Transcendental Meditation. Pflügers Archiv, Supplement 359: 190, R 95, 1975.

EEG Indications of Increased Orderliness of Brain Functioning: High Amplitude Alpha and Theta Activity in All Cortical Regions.

116. WANDHÖFER, A.; KOBAL, G.; and PLATTIG, K.-H. Shortening of latencies of human auditory evoked brain potentials during the Transcendental Meditation technique. Zeitschrift für Elektroenzephalographie und Elektromyographie EEG-EMG 7: 99-103, 1976. (Transl.)

Improved Efficiency of Information Transfer in the Brain: Shorter Latencies of Auditory Evoked Potentials (Both during and outside the Practice of Transcendental Meditation).

117. DASH, P., and ALEXANDER, C. N. Electrophysiological characteristics during the Transcendental Meditation program and napping: A pilot study. Divisions of Natural and Social Sciences, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, U.S.A., 1976.

EEG Differentiation between Transcendental Meditation and Napping.

118. BANQUET, J. P.; HAYNES, C.; HEBERT, R.; and REBER, B. Analysis of sleep in altered states of consciousness by classical EEG and coherence spectra. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 43(4): 503, E 203 (Abstract), 1977.

EEG Indications of Lessened Sleep Requirement.

119. BANQUET, J. P.; HAYNES, C.; HEBERT, R.; and REBER, B. Sleep and dream in altered states of consciousness. LENA, La Salpêtriètre, Paris, France, and EEG Laboratory, Maharishi European Research University, Seelisberg, Switzerland, 1976.

EEG Indications of Lessened Sleep Requirement.

120. BENNETT, J. E., and TRINDER, J. Hemispheric laterality and cognitive style associated with Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 14: 293-296, 1977.

Greater Adaptability of Brain Functioning outside the Practice of Transcendental Meditation: Greater Lateral EEG Asymmetry during Right and Left Hemisphere Tasks.

121. HEBERT, R., and LEHMANN, D. Theta bursts: An EEG pattern in normal subjects practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 42: 397-405, 1977.

EEG Indications of Increased Inner Satisfaction: Synchronous Theta Bursts.

C: Physiological Efficiency and Stability

122. SULTAN, S. E. A study of the ability of individuals trained in Transcendental Meditation to achieve and maintain levels of physiological relaxation. Master's thesis (abbr.), School of Human Behavior, United States International University, San Diego, California, U.S.A., 1975.

Electromyographic Evidence of Deep Muscular Relaxation; Greater Ability to Maintain Relaxation during Activity.

123. DANIELS, D. Comparison of the Transcendental Meditation technique to various relaxation procedures. Department of Psychology, Washington Singer Laboratories, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, England, 1976.

Improved Resistance to Stress: Greater Autonomic Stability--Greater Stability of Skin Resistance in Response to Stressful Stimuli. Improved Auditory Discrimination and Greater Ability to Process Information at Speed (Superior Dichotic Listening).

D: Health

124. LOVELL-SMITH, H. D.; DICKIE, A.; and ROBINSON, J. Blood pressure and plasma cholesterol levels before and after learning Transcendental Meditation. University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand, 1975.

Reduction of Blood Pressure to More Ideal Levels in Both Hypertensive and Normotensive Subjects.

125. DONER, D. W. JR. The Transcendental Meditation technique--a "self-care" program for the dialysis/transplant patient. Findings previously published in Journal of the American Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technicians 3(3): 119-125, 1976.

Improved Mental and Physical Health in Patients on a Kidney Transplant/Dialysis Program: Decreased Blood Pressure; Decreased Anxiety; Increased Independence; Enhanced Self-Image; Improved Sense of Well-Being.

126. FUSON, J. W. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation program on sleeping and dreaming patterns. Unpublished doctoral dissertation (abbr.), Yale Medical School, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A., 1976.

Improvements in Sleeping and Dreaming Patterns: Improved Quality of Sleep; Decreased Time to Fall Asleep; More Rested on Awakening; Decreased Awakenings per Night; Decreased Time to Awaken Fully; Decreased Drowsiness; Decreased Lethargy; Decreased Daytime Napping; Decreased Number of Dreams Remembered; Decrease in Complexity of Dreams; Decrease in Unpleasant Emotional Content of Dreams; Decrease in Recurring Dreams; Decreased Need for Sleep Medications. Decreased Use of Alcohol. Improved Reported State of Mental Health. Reduced Need for Medical Attention.

127. SUURKÜLA, J. The Transcendental Meditation technique and the prevention of psychiatric illness. Vasa Hospital University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1977.

Epidemiological Evidence for Prevention of Psychiatric Illness.

E: Motor and Perceptual Ability, and Athletic Performance

128. GRAHAM, J. The effects of Transcendental Meditation on auditory thresholds. Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, Sussex, England, 1971.

Increased Perceptual Acuity: Improved Auditory Frequency and Amplitude Discrimination.

129. HARDESTY, M. J. The effect of Transcendental Meditation on reaction time. Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky, U.S.A., 1972.

Improved Mind-Body Co-ordination: Faster Reactions (Simple and Choice Visual Reaction Time).

130. REDDY, M. K. The role of the Transcendental Meditation program in the promotion of athletic excellence: Long- and short-term effects and their relation to activation theory. Master's thesis, Centre for the Study of Higher States of Consciousness, Maharishi European Research University, Switzerland, 1976.

Benefits for Athletes: A Unique State of Deep Rest during Transcendental Meditation--Decreased Metabolic Rate (Decreased Oxygen Consumption); Increased Basal Skin Resistance; Fewer Spontaneous Skin Resistance Responses. Improved Physiological Functioning outside the Practice of Transcendental Meditation--Improved Cardiovascular Efficiency; Improved Respiratory Efficiency (Increased Vital Capacity). Improved Athletic Performance and Neuromuscular Integration--Improved Running Speed; Improved Standing Broad Jump; Improved Agility; Faster Reactions.

131. MARTINETTI, R. F. Influence of Transcendental Meditation on perceptual illusion: A pilot study. Perceptual and Motor Skills 43: 822, 1976.

Improved Perceptual Ability: Lower Incidence of Perceptual Illusions.

PART II: PSYCHOLOGY

A: Intelligence, Learning, and Academic Performance

132. NATARAJ, P., and RADHAMANI, M. G. The Transcendental Meditation program and its effects on psychological functions in secondary school students of a rural Indian high school. Department of Psychology, Maharani's College, Mysore, India. Research presented at the International Conference on 'Veda and Science,' Bangalore, Karnataka, India, 25-30 June 1975.

Benefits for High School Students: Improved Concentration; Improved Reading Comprehension; Improved Memory.

133. OVERBECK, K.-D., and TöNNIES, S. E. Einige Effekte der Transzendentalen Meditation bei lernbehinderten Sonderschülern. Diplomarbeit of first author (abbr.), Psychologisches Institut III, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, W. Germany, 1975.

Benefits for School Children with Learning Problems: Decreased Anxiety; Decreased Examination Anxiety; Decreased School Dislike.

134. SCHER, D. The effects of Transcendental Meditation on free recall. Master's thesis (abbr.), State University College, New Paltz, New York, U.S.A., 1975.

Improved Memory and Organization of Memory--Effect More Pronounced in Long-Term Meditators.

135. HARRISON, S. D.; PAGANO, R.; and WARKENBURG, S. Meditation and right hemispheric functioning--spatial localization. In Proceedings of the Biofeedback Research Society, Seventh Annual Meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S.A., 27 February-2 March 1976, p. 33 (Abstract).

More Efficient Functioning of the Right Cerebral Hemisphere: Better Spatial Localization.

136. BERRETTINI, R. B. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on short-term recall performance. Master's thesis (abbr.), Department of Education, Wilkes College, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., 1976.

Benefits for College Students: Improved Short-Term Memory, Ability to Focus Attention, and Spontaneous Organization of Memory.

137. HARDING, S. D. The Transcendental Meditation program in British secondary schools. Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, Sussex, England, 1976.

Decreased Neuroticism in Secondary School Students.

138. BROWN, M. Higher education for higher consciousness: A study of students at Maharishi International University. Doctoral dissertation (abbr.), University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, U.S.A., Dissertation Abstracts International 38, 649A-650A, 1976.

Benefits for Students Resulting from Maharishi's Integrated System of Education at Maharishi International University: Greater Interest in Academic Activities; Greater Commitment to Higher Education; Greater Intellectual and Scientific Orientation; Greater Aesthetic Orientation; Greater Respect for Traditional Religious Values; Greater Optimism about the Future of Society; Greater Altruism (Greater Commitment to Helping Others and Improving Society); Greater Sense of Social Responsibility; Greater Tolerance of Authority; Greater Trust; Greater Sociability; Greater Psychological Stability; Greater Commitment to Personal Growth; Less Anxiety; Less Impulsiveness.

139. JACKSON, Y. Learning disorders and the Transcendental Meditation program: Retrospects and prospects. A preliminary study with economically deprived adolescents. Doctoral thesis (abbr.), University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 1977. Dissertation Abstracts International 38 (6): 3351A, 1977.

Increased Self-Actualization in Economically Deprived Adolescents with Learning Problems: Increased Inner-Directedness (Independence, Self-Supportiveness)3; Increased Self-Regard. Decreased Dropout Rate from School.

140. PAGANO, R. R., and FRUMKIN, L. R. The effect of Transcendental Meditation on right hemispheric functioning. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation 2(4): 407-415, 1977.

Superior Synthetic and Holistic Thinking: Enhanced Tonal Memory.

B: Development of Personality

141. CURTIN, T. G. The relationship between Transcendental Meditation and adaptive regression. Doctoral thesis (abbr.), School of Education, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 1973.

Improved Mental Health: Increased Capacity for 'Adaptive Regression' (Conscious Experience of the Inner Self and Ability to Bring the Inner Self to Healthy Expression).

142. BOESE, E., and BERGER, K. Psychological effects of Transcendental Meditation. Department of Behavioral Science, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., 1971.

Decreased Number of Situations in Life Felt to Be a Problem; Decreased Number of Serious Problems Experienced; Decreased Hostility; Enhanced Self-Concept.

143. HAHN, H. R., and WHALEN, T. E. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on levels of hostility, anxiety, and depression. Master's thesis (abbr.), Department of Educational Psychology, California State University at Hayward, Hayward, California, U.S.A., 1974.

Decreased Hostility; Decreased Anxiety; Decreased Depression.

144. ROSENTHAL, J. M. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation program on self-actualization, self-concept, and hypnotic susceptibility. Master's thesis (abstract), Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A., 1974.

Benefits for University Students: Increased Self-Actualization; Enhanced Self-Concept.

145. FLOYD III, W. T., and HAYNES, J. The influence of Transcendental Meditation on anxiety. Master's thesis of first author (abbr.), Department of Psychology, North Texas State University, Denton, Texas, U.S.A., 1974.

Decreased Anxiety.

146. WILLIS, C. Transcendental Meditation and its influence on the self-concept. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, U.S.A., 1974.

Better Self-Concept and Degree of Adjustment; Improved Psychological Health.

147. WEISS, C. The immediate effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique and theoretical reflections upon the psychology and physiology of subjective well-being. Diplomarbeit (abbr.), Institute of Psychology, University of the Saarland, Saarbrücken, W. Germany, 1975.

Increased Elevated Mood; Increased Mental Clarity and Wakefulness; Increased Readiness for Activity; Decreased Vulnerability; Decreased Nervousness; Decreased Fatigue; Decreased Drowsiness; Decreased Lethargy; Decreased Depressed Mood; Decreased Introversion; Decreased Aggressive Irritation.

148. GUPTA, N. C. Effects of Transcendental Meditation on anxiety and self-concept. Department of Educational Psychology, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, U.S.A., 1974.

Enhanced Self-Concept; Decreased Anxiety.

149. GRIGGS, S. T. A preliminary study into the effect of Transcendental Meditation on empathy. Master's thesis (abbr.), School of Human Behavior, United States International University, San Diego, California, U.S.A., 1976.

Greater Empathy.

150. THROLL, D. A., and THROLL, L. A. The effect of a three-month residence course upon the personalities of experienced meditators. Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand, 1977.

Increased Ego Strength, Emotional Stability and Maturity, and Decreased Overreactionary Behavior; Increased Emotional Harmony and Absence of Regressive Behavior; Increased Emotional Strength and Lessening of Unwelcome Thoughts or Compulsive Habits; Decreased Depression, Showing a Calmer, More Confident Attitude; Increases in--Intelligence; Self-Sufficiency and Resourcefulness; Contentment; Enthusiasm for Work; Trust; Tolerant and Participating Attitude; Creativity; Decreases in--Anxiety and Tension; Use of Alcohol; Use of Cigarettes; Need for Tranquilizers and Other Prescribed Drugs.

151. RUSSIE, R. E. The influence of Transcendental Meditation on positive mental health and self-actualization; and the role of expectation, rigidity, and self-control in the achievement of these benefits. Doctoral thesis (abbr.), California School of Professional Psychology, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., 1975.

Increased Self-Actualization: Increases in--Time Competence (Ability to Live More Fully in the Present, Ability to Connect Past, Present, and Future Meaningfully); Inner-Directedness (Independence, Self-Supportiveness); Self-Actualizing Value (Holding of Values of Self-Actualizing People); Feeling Reactivity (Sensitivity to One's Own Needs and Feelings); Spontaneity; Self-Regard; Self-Acceptance; Capacity for Intimate Contact (Capacity for Warm Interpersonal Relationships).

152. MADSEN, W. C. Transcendental Meditation and the flexibility of constructions of reality. Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, U.S.A., 1976.

Greater Open-Mindedness: Greater Flexibility of Constructions of Reality.

153. THROLL, D. A. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique upon adolescent personality. Master's thesis (abbr.), Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand, 1978.

Increased Self-Actualization: Increases in--Time Competence (Ability to Live More Fully in the Present, Ability to Connect Past, Present, and Future Meaningfully); Inner-Directedness (Independence, Self-Supportiveness); Self-Actualizing Value (Holding of Values of Self-Actualizing People); Feeling Reactivity (Sensitivity to One's Own Needs and Feelings); Spontaneity; Self-Regard; Nature of Man is Constructive (Ability to See Man as Essentially Good); Capacity for Intimate Contact (Capacity for Warm Interpersonal Relationships). Increased Ego Strength and Emotional Maturity, Decreased Overreactionary Behavior; Increased Boldness and Self-Sufficiency, Decreased Inhibition; Increased Self-Reliance, Practicality, Realism, and Logical Behavior; Increased Tolerant and Conciliatory Attitudes; Decreased Instability, Insomnia, and Hypochondriacal and Neurasthenic Symptoms; Increased Self-Control, Persistence, Foresight, Consideration of Others, and Regard for Etiquette; Increased Relaxed, Unfrustrated, Guilt-Free Behavior; Increased Outgoingness and Tendency to Participate; Decreased Anxiety; Increased Self-Sufficiency. Decreased Need for Sleep Medication and Pain Relievers; Decreased Use of Cigarettes; Decreased Use of Alcohol; Decreased Drug Abuse.

154. DILLBECK, M. C. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33(4): 1076-1078, 1977.

Decreased Anxiety in University Students.

155. BOSMAJIAN, L. S. Role of expectancy and pretreatment personality in subjects' self-actualizing changes while practicing Transcendental Meditation. Doctoral thesis (abbr.), Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., U.S.A., 1977.

Increased Self-Actualization: Increases in--Time Competence (Ability to Live More Fully in the Present, Ability to Connect Past and Present Meaningfully); Inner-Directedness (Independence, Self-Supportiveness).

156. NYSTUL, M. S., and GARDE, M. Comparison of self-concepts of Transcendental Meditators and nonmeditators. Psychological Reports 41: 303-306, 1977.

Enhanced Self-Concept: Less Likely to Qualify Self-Description; Fewer Personality Defects; Greater Self-Esteem; Better Opinion of Oneself; Greater Self-Satisfaction; Greater Sense of Personal Worth; Greater Satisfaction with One's Moral Worth and Relationship to God and Religion.

PART III: SOCIOLOGY

A: Rehabilitation

157. CANDELENT, T., and CANDELENT, G. Teaching Transcendental Meditation in a psychiatric setting. Hospital & Community Psychiatry 26(3): 156-159, 1975.

Benefits for Psychiatric Patients with Schizophrenia, Neurosis, Personality Disorders, and Alcohol and Drug Problems: Decreased Anxiety and Tension; Decreased Overactive or Impulsive Behavior; Improved Sleep Patterns (Decreased Awakenings per Night, Improved Quality of Sleep).

158. RAMIREZ, J. The Transcendental Meditation program as a possible treatment modality for drug offenders: Evaluation of a pilot project at Milan Federal Correctional Institution. Department of Forensic Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, U.S.A., 1975.

Rehabilitation of Imprisoned Drug Offenders: Enhanced Self-Esteem; Indications of Increased Emotional Stability and Maturity--Decreased Depression; Decreased Neuroticism; Decreased Guilt; Decreased Psychasthenia; Decreased Hypomania; Decreased Schizophrenia; Increased Social Responsibility. Indications of Decreased Aggression--Decreased Hostility; Decreased Assault; Decreased Irritability; Decreased Suspicion; Decreased Resentment; Decreased Psychopathic Deviation.

159. BLOOMFIELD, H. H., and KORY, R. The Transcendental Meditation program, spiritual crisis and enlightenment. Findings previously published in Holistic way to health and happiness: A new approach to complete lifetime wellness. 243-259. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978.

Resolution of Spiritual Crisis through Development of Integration of Personality: Growth of Enlightenment.

160. FERGUSON, R. E. The Transcendental Meditation program at Massachusetts Correctional Institution Walpole: An evaluation report. Institute for Social Rehabilitation, Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., 1977.

Rehabilitation of Prisoners: Decreased Anxiety; Decreased Hostility; Decreased Prison Disciplinary Rule Infractions; Improved Sleep Patterns (Decreased Time to Fall Asleep, Decreased Awakenings per Night, Improved Quality of Sleep).

161. FERGUSON, R. E. A self-report evaluation of the effects of the Transcendental Meditation program at Massachusetts Correctional Institution Walpole--a follow-up. Institute for Social Rehabilitation, Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., 1978.

Rehabilitation of Prisoners: Increased Work Efficiency; Increased Ability to Handle Stress and Tension; Increased Ability to Deal with Others; Decreased Use of Alcohol and Prescribed and Non-Prescribed Drugs; Decreased Use of Cigarettes; Decreased Drug Abuse.

162. DHANARAJ, H. The influence of Transcendental Meditation on cessation of drug use: Some preliminary findings. Findings previously published in RODA Summer Scholarship Abstracts, National Health and Welfare, Canada, 1973.

Decreased Drug Abuse; Decreased Use of Cigarettes; Decreased Use of Alcohol.

163. MONAHAN, R. J. Secondary prevention of drug dependence through the Transcendental Meditation program in metropolitan Philadelphia. The International Journal of the Addictions 12(6): 729-754, 1977.

Decreased Drug Abuse; Decreased Use of Cigarettes; Decreased Use of Alcohol; Decreased Use of Caffeine; Decreased Need for Tranquillizers and Other Prescribed Drugs.

B: Productivity and Quality of Life

164. JONSSON, C. Organizational development through the Transcendental Meditation program: A study of relationships between the Transcendental Meditation program and certain efficiency criteria. Unpublished master's thesis (abbr.), Department of Business Administration, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, 1975.

Fulfillment of Goals of Organizational Development: Ability to Accomplish More with Less Effort; Greater Alertness, Attentiveness, and Initiative; Greater Self-Confidence; Greater Decision Making Ability; Greater Ability to Assign Priorities; Greater Ease in Making Contacts with Other People; Greater Ability to Cooperate with Others and Greater Respect for the Views of Others; Greater Tolerance; Less Easily Irritated; Less Often Angry; Less Tendency to Worry about Other People's Opinions; Less Often Tired.

165. SUAREZ, V. W. The relationship of the practice of Transcendental Meditation to subjective evaluations of marital satisfaction and adjustment. Unpublished master's thesis (abbr.), School of Education, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., 1976.

Greater Marital Satisfaction: Greater Adjustment; Greater Happiness and Harmony; Greater Intimacy; Greater Acceptance of One's Spouse; Greater Admiration of One's Spouse; Greater Agreement on Conduct and Recreation.

166. HATCHARD, G. Influence of the Transcendental Meditation program on crime rate in suburban Cleveland. Cleveland World Plan Center, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A., 1977.

Improved Quality of City Life: Decreased Crime Rate in Suburban Communities (U.S.A., 1974-1976).

PART IV: REVIEW PAPERS

Papers 167 to 189 review the application of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program in the areas of health, education, development of personality, rehabilitation, and quality of life.

A: Health

167. GRÄF, H.-D. Transzendentale Meditation--ein Weg in der psychophysischen Therapie. Ärzteblatt Baden-Württemberg (6), 1975 .

The physiological, psychological, and sociological benefits resulting from the practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique are reviewed and its value both in clinical practice and for society as a whole are emphasized.

168. TOANE, E. B. The Transcendental Meditation program. Journal of the Canadian Medical Association 114: 1095-1096, 1976.

The author discusses results of research on the Transcendental Meditation program and gives examples from his own experience of the benefits of Transcendental Meditation for the patient and the doctor.

169. STUTZ, E. Transzendentale Meditation in der Medizin. Medizinische Klinik 72(20): 905-908, 1977.

The benefits of Transcendental Meditation for physiological functioning are reviewed and their value in clinical medicine is emphasized.

170. ORME-JOHNSON, D. W. EEG coherence during transcendental consciousness. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 43(4): 581-582, E 487 (Abstract), 1977.

Very high EEG coherence, indicating increased orderliness of brain functioning, was found to be characteristic of the experience of transcendental consciousness during Transcendental Meditation. High correlations were found between: 1) coherence, 2) creativity, 3) clarity of experience of transcendental consciousness, 4) H-reflex recovery, and 5) suspension of respiration.

171. RIGBY, B. Higher states of consciousness through the Transcendental Meditation program: A literature review. Department of Psychiatry, Maharishi European Research University, Seelisberg, Switzerland. Rheinweiler, W. Germany: MERU Press, 1978.

The paper presents a concise review of research on higher states of consciousness developed through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and discusses the profound benefits of this program for the development of perfect health for both the individual and society.

172. GRÄF, D. Die Technik der Transzendentalen Meditation und ihre Wirkungen auf die Gesundheit. Erfahrungsheilkunde 27(3): 99-102, 1978.

The benefits of Transcendental Meditation for physiological functioning and their importance for health are reviewed.

173. KANELLAKOS, D. P. Transcendental consciousness: Expanded awareness as a means of preventing and eliminating the effects of stress. In Stress and anxiety, C.D. Speilberger and I.G. Sarason (Eds.), Vol. 5, pp. 261-315. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1978.

The paper reviews the beneficial effects of the Transcendental Meditation program in the light of their importance for the prevention and elimination of stress and expansion of individual consciousness.

174. GRÄF, D. Die Transzendentale Meditation (TM) und ihre therapeutischen Mögichkeiten. Zeitschrift für Allgemeinmedizin 54(12): 701-709, 1978.

Research findings on the Transcendental Meditation program are discussed with respect to its benefits in the fields of health and social welfare.

175. KROENER, D. Transzendentale Meditation und ihre Indikationen für den niedergelassenen Arzt. Biologische Medizin 9(3): 122-127, 1980.

The benefits of the Transcendental Meditation program in medical practice are described with particular reference to the alleviation of stress-related illness and psychosomatic complaints.

B: Education

176. LEVINE, P. H. Transcendental Meditation and the Science of Creative Intelligence. Phi Delta Kappan 54(4): 231-235, 1972.

The Science of Creative Intelligence and its practical aspect the Transcendental Meditation program are discussed in the light of their implications for resolving the problems in education.

177. DRISCOLL, F. TM as a secondary school subject. Phi Delta Kappan 54(4): 236-237, 1972.

A U.S. public school superintendent outlines his successful experience of introducing Transcendental Meditation into the adult education program of his area and at a senior high school. Improved grades, improved relationships with family, teachers, and peers, and disappearance of drug abuse are reported.

178. PRICE, J. F. Education and the Science of Creative Intelligence. Vestes: the Australian Universities' Review 17(1): 28-37, 1974.

The author presents the Science of Creative Intelligence as a fundamental interdisciplinary approach to education and outlines its great practical value in improving the quality of life in the light of scientific research on the Transcendental Meditation program.

179. CLEMENTS, G., and RIGBY, B. P. The Science of Creative Intelligence offers fulfillment in education: Self-realization found in the simplest form of awareness--the field of all possibilities. Paper presented at the Seventh World Congress, International Association for the Advancement of Educational Research, Gent, Belgium, July 1977. Rheinweiler, W. Germany: MERU Press, 1977.

The paper discusses the educational programs of Maharishi European Research University for unfolding the full potential of consciousness in every student, and developing a unified understanding of all fields of knowledge through the Science of Creative Intelligence and its practical aspect, the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. The authors propose that the implementation of this scientifically validated program in all areas of education will bring fulfillment to the goals of every system of education.

C: Personality

180. SHELLY, M. Meditation and the great evolution. Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A., 1972.

Transcendental Meditation is seen as an important method of increasing satisfaction and happiness.

D: Rehabilitation

181. KNIFFKI, K.-D. Transzendentale Meditation--TM--u.a. eine nichtchemische Meth-ode gegen Drogenmilßbrauch. Niedersachsisches Ärzteblatt 44(24): 805-809, 1971.

Transcendental Meditation is discussed as a highly effective method to combat drug abuse.

182. COX, S. B. Transcendental Meditation and the criminal justice system. Kentucky Law Journal 60(2), 1971-1972.

The Transcendental Meditation technique is introduced as an effective means for criminal and drug rehabilitation.

183. SYKES, D. E. Transcendental Meditation--as applied to criminal justice reform, drug rehabilitation and society in general. The University of Maryland Law Forum 3(2), 1973.

The benefits of Transcendental Meditation for mind, body, social behavior and world harmony are discussed. On this basis the application of the Transcendental Meditation program in prison and drug rehabilitation is proposed.

184. MARCUS, J. B. Transcendental Meditation: A new method of reducing drug abuse. Drug Forum 3(2): 113-136, 1974.

Research demonstrates that Transcendental Meditation is effective in the treatment and prevention of drug abuse.

185. FULLERMAN, F. J. The Transcendental Meditation program: New hope for criminal rehabilitation. United States Probation Officer, United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois, Illinois, U.S.A. Paper presented at the First International Conference on Criminology and Consciousness, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, U.S.A., 29-30 October 1977.

The unique effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in the rehabilitation of prisoners is discussed on the basis of research projects conducted in U.S. prisons. The author proposes the introduction of Transcendental Meditation in the probation and parole systems.

186. KANELLAKOS, D. P.; RIGBY, B. P.; BLOOMFIELD, H. H.; CHARLES, B. M.; CLEMENTS, G.; DAVIS, B. V.; and MEAD, G. Enlightenment for ideal rehabilitation: Expansion of consciousness as the basis of the restoration of creative intelligence. The effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program for rehabilitation. Paper presented at the Third International Conference on Drug Dependency, Liverpool, England, 6 April 1976. Rheinweiler, W. Germany: MERU Press, 1976.

The authors propose that the development of enlightenment through the Transcendental Meditation program is the ideal means of rehabilitation. Scientific research on Transcendental Meditation is examined in the light of its application for the restoration of the full creative intelligence of the individual.

187. STUTZ, E. Transzendentale Meditation in der Behandlung Drogenabhängiger. Das öffentliche Gesundheilswesen 39: 759-766, 1977.

The Transcendental Meditation program is found to be effective in drug rehabilitation.

188. RIGBY, B. Enlightenment in world psychiatry: The Transcendental Meditation technique--new light on consciousness. Paper presented at The Sixth World Congress of Psychiatry, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A., 28 August-3 September 1977. Rheinweiler, W. Germany: MERU Press, 1977.

A review of research reveals that enlightenment--the state of fully developed human consciousness resulting from the regular practice of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program--fulfills the highest goals of psychiatry and medicine in bringing perfect health to both the individual and society--the basis for world peace.

E: Quality of Life

189. BAUMANN, E. Neurophysiologische Integration als Grundlage für Lernen und Arbeiten in der Ökologie. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie, Kiel 1977, 6: 557-560, 1978.

The integrated functioning of the nervous system, developed through Transcendental Meditation, is discussed as the basis of a holistic and all encompassing view of the environment and of life in accord with natural law.