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Increased Strength of Self-Concept

One month after beginning Transcendental Meditation, subjects experienced an improved self-concept in comparison to before learning the technique. Transcendental Meditation participants developed a more strongly defined self-concept and also came to perceive their "actual self" as significantly closer to their "ideal self." No similar changes were observed for matched controls.

Reference I: Effects of Transcendental Meditation on self-identity indices and personality, British Journal of Psychology 73: 57­68, 1982. Reference II: Psychological research on the effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on a number of personality variables, Gedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie (Behavior: Journal of Psychology) 4: 206­218, 1976.